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Bermuda Grass

Bermuda grass is one of the few warm season grass varieties that will grow a little further north into the colder climates —  see the adaptation map below. It will turn brown at the first dip in temperature though. More cold tolerant and high quality varieties are being developed constantly  — such as Yukon Bermuda grass seed. In the more warmer tropical south, during average rainfall years, Bermuda will retain a beautiful green color all year round. This grass can be grown on low to high maintenance schedules depending upon the usage. Lawns planted in Bermuda grass can attain full lawn coverage in one year. It is not uncommon for seeded Bermuda lawns to be established within 60-90 days.

Annual Maintenance Schedule

March Through May Mowing: Bermuda grass performs best when mowed between ¾ and 1½ inches. Begin mowing as soon as the lawn turns green in spring. Always leave the clippings on the lawn in a practice called ‘grass-cycling’. Grass clippings decompose quickly and do not contribute to thatch. If prolonged rain or other factors prevent frequent mowing and clippings begin to clump, they can be collected and used as mulch. For more information on mowing, refer to HGIC 1205, Mowing Lawns. Fertilizing: Apply ½ to 1 pound of nitrogen (N) per 1,000 square feet several weeks after complete green-up. Submit a soil sample to determine nutrient and lime requirements. In the absence of a soil test, use a slow-release, complete nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (N-P-K) turf fertilizer with a 4-1-2 ratio such as 16-4-8. Apply lime if suggested. To determine the amount of product needed to apply 1 pound of N per 1,000 square feet, divide 100 by the first number in the fertilizer ratio. For example, for a 16-4-8 fertilizer, divide 100 by 16. The result is 6.25 pounds of fertilizer per 1,000 square feet (100/16 = 6.25 of 16-4-8). For more information on fertilizing lawns refer to HGIC 1201, Fertilizing Lawns. Irrigation: As a general rule, irrigate when 30 to 50 percent of the lawn shows sign of wilt. Probe with a screwdriver to ensure the top 4 to 6 inches of soil are moist following irrigation. Do not irrigate again until the lawn shows sign of wilt. In general, bermuda grass needs a total weekly application of about 1 to 1 ¼ inches of water. Sandy soils often require more frequent watering, for example, ¾-inch of water every third or fourth day. For more information on watering lawns refer to HGIC 1207, Watering Lawns. Weed Control: Apply pre-emergence herbicides to control summer annual weeds when forsythia or red buds are in full bloom. Apply post emergence herbicides in May as needed to control summer annual and perennial broad leaf weeds. Be sure that the product is labeled for use on bermuda grass. Post emergence herbicides are applied when weeds are present, and at least three weeks after the lawn has greened up. For more information on weed control refer to HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm Season Lawns. Thatch Removal: Vertically mow in May to remove the thatch after the lawn becomes green, but only if the thatch is more than ½-inch thick. After de-thatching, irrigate with ¾ to 1 inch of water. Fertilize with 1 pound of N per 1,000 square feet if the lawn has not already been fertilized. Renovation:Replant large bare areas using sod or sprigs (3 to 5 bushels per 1,000 square feet). Common bermuda grass can be seeded using hulled bermuda grass at 1 to 2 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Do not seed hybrid bermuda grass lawns with common bermuda grass. Use sod or sprigs of the existing hybrid instead.

June Through August

Mowing: Bermuda grass performs best when mowed between ¾ and 1½ inches. Fertilizing: Apply ½ to 1 pound of N per 1,000 square feet every 4 to 8 weeks. Irrigation: As a general rule, irrigate when 30 to 50% of the lawn shows sign of wilt. In general, bermuda grass needs a total weekly application of about 1 to 1¼ inches of water. Insect Control: August is the best time to control white grubs because they are small and close to the soil surface. Mole crickets will begin to hatch in June. Use a soap flush technique to determine if mole crickets are present. For details on the soap flush technique, see EIIS/TO-1, Mole Cricket Management for the Home Lawn. Weed Control: Apply post emergence herbicides as needed to control summer annual and perennial weeds. For more information on weed control, see HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm Season Lawns. Thatch Removal: Vertically mow to remove the thatch if it is more than ½ inch thick. It normally is best to vertically mow in spring whenever possible.

September Through November Mowing: Mow the lawn between ¾ and 1½ inches until several weeks before the first expected frost. Raise the mowing height by ½ inch as winter approaches if the lawn will not be over seeded. Mowing height is usually raised in mid to late September in the Piedmont and early October in other areas. Fertilization: In September, if a soil test reports deficient potassium (K) levels, apply 1 pound of potash (K2O) per 1000 square feet, using muriate of potash (0-0-60), potassium sulfate (0-0-50), or Sul-Po-Mag (0-0-22). Irrigation: Irrigate when 30 to 50% of the lawn shows sign of wilt. In general, bermuda grass needs a weekly application of about 1 to 1¼ inches of water. Dormant bermuda grass may need to be watered periodically when dry, warm, windy weather prevails. Weed Control: Apply pre-emergence or post emergence herbicides as needed to control winter annual and perennial broad leaf weeds. Pre-emergence herbicides are most effective when applied as nighttime temperatures drop into the upper 50s. Preemergence herbicides do not control existing perennial weeds. Apply post emergence herbicides only when weeds are present. Do not apply herbicides designed to control annual bluegrass if the lawn is to be over seeded with ryegrass. Insect Control: Continue to monitor for white grubs and control if necessary. Overseeding: Overseeding with ryegrass for winter color should be done in mid September in mountain and Piedmont areas, and early October in coastal areas.

December Through February Mowing: Mow over seeded bermuda grass at 1 inch before the grass gets taller than 1½ inches. Do not collect the clippings unless they accumulate heavily on the surface. Dormant bermuda grass that has not been over seeded need not be mowed. Overseed Fertilization: Do not fertilize bermuda grass that has not been over seeded. Apply ½ pound of N per 1,000 square feet in December and February to over seeded bermuda grass. Irrigation: Dormant bermuda grass may have to be watered periodically to prevent desiccation, especially when warm, windy weather prevails. Watering is particularly important for lawns that have been over seeded. Weed Control: Apply broad leaf herbicides as needed to control winter weeds such as chickweed, henbit, and hop clover. Selective herbicides can be applied in November or December to lawns that have not been over seeded to control annual bluegrass (Poa annua) and several winter annual broadleaf weeds.

 


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Columbia, SC Landscaping Service

Our Clients are the reason for our success!

Not many people actually have the time or patience to tend to their landscaping either at home or work.

Blade & Petal is here to help.

We offer expert, professional landscaping craftsmanship to both residential and commercial clientele.

Our upscale service occurs before entering your property. We are licensed by the counties we serve. A $2 mil commercial liability insurance is always enforced on our employees, equipment and vehicles. All employees are US citizens and undergo both a criminal background check and periodic illegal substance testing. Blade & Petal knows the importance of protecting you, your family and property from harm and liability before, during and after your service.

Highend landscaping service provides annual care and maintenance in a timely manner to guarantee the success of your lawn, flowers, hedges and trees with the proper fertilization, weed and insect control, hedge trimming, and de-thatching and mowing. Installation and repair of plants, flowers and irrigation systems, #1 grade pine needles or mulch, and bed retaining walls are some of the other services we provide. Bush hog mowing and tractor work is available for heavily overgrown vegetation.

If you are serious and particular about the care and maintenance of your landscape, Blade & Petal, with our professional and careful service, could be the solution.

Whether you want to maintain your lawn for that upcoming
“Yard of the Month” contest, barbecue or create a professional, manicured look for your office building, put our experienced team of landscape professionals to work for you.

Our services include:

•Lawn mowing & De-thatching
•Sod installation and over seeding
•Maintenance for irrigation systems
•Tree and shrub care
•Landscape design
•Fence/rock wall construction
•Mulching beds and Pine needles
•Fertilization
•Bush Hog and tractor work
•And more!

A beautiful landscape is just a phone call away. Contact us today!

(803) 254-0818

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